To respond to national concerns about patient safety, patient dissatisfaction with their medical experiences, and the rising costs of health care, the University of Toledo Health Science Colleges (Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy & HSHS) are collaborating to broaden the traditional education of physicians, nurses and other health professionals through interprofessional education opportunities and exposure to health care team training in a simulated clinical setting.
The goals of this project are to design effective methods of preparing senior medical, nursing, pharmacy and respiratory therapy students to routinely take part in team exercises in a simulated clinical setting and to explore effective team debriefing methods. This will involve:
Creating a new model for interprofessional collaboration for health care team training
Does the use of alternative approaches to debriefing techniques in health care team exercises impact learning outcomes and student satisfaction?
Two multidisciplinary groups of students will participate in identical patient care scenarios in the simulation center. Each session will take one hour and each clinical scenario will be run twice, with a debriefing occurring between the two scenarios. Students will be divided into two groups. One group to “self” debrief, the other to be debriefed by faculty from Medicine and Nursing. There will also be faculty observers for each group exercise from Pharmacy and Health Science and Human Service. The focus of the scenarios – and the debriefing - will be upon team communication and team interactions in a patient emergency situation. The assessments will be “competency-based” and linked with the objectives of the exercise.
A preparation meeting for the students and faculty will be held on
Faculty will receive instructions on:
Following the exercise, students, faculty (debrief and observers) will fill out a post- assessment form. The scenarios will be recorded. The recordings will be used for assessment of team performance and for presentations of the study. The debriefing exercises will be audio/video recorded and reviewed.
Students and faculty will sign “Consent to Participate” forms.
A special thank you to Misa Mi, Medical Librarian for originally authoring this guide, and to Bridget Faricy-Beredo for curating it.