See this Michael Brewer's digital slider at LibraryCopyright.net for a quick glance at the probable copyright status of a published (or non-published) piece of work you would like to investigate using.
As an author, look for the following before signing a CTA:
These items are negotiable!
See the Conference on Fair Use (CONFU) guidelines proposed in 1998 to address new issues encountered in the digital world when trying to navigate and make "fair use" decisions regarding copyright. (opens a PDF file)
. . . will help you determine whether it's OK to use a piece of copyrighted work:
PURPOSE of the use: do you intend to use the work primarily to teach, research, parody, critique or report?
NATURE of the work used: is it of an educational or news nature? (rather than someone's creative work)
AMOUNT used: do you intend to use only a small, non-core, insignificant portion of the work?
EFFECT of the use: will your use affect the work's market or potential commercial viability (if any)? Is your dissemination of the work minor in scope? Is the licensing or permission to use unduly burdensome or is it simple to obtain? Did you try to get permission? If permission is not obtained or is not clear, did you attribute credit?
[NOTE: this is only a rough guide]
adapted from Checklist for Fair Use (Copyright Management Center, IUPUI (2003))
For more in-depth reading about open access and copyright issues, see:
For the best experience please download the slideshow to your own PowerPoint program and view it there. (press ↓Save)
The TEACH Act was enacted in 2002 primarily to balance the rights of copyright holders with the new and emerging needs of learners and educators.
In short, it provided more latitude for educators in an online environment to provide copyrighted educational materials, provided certain criteria are met:
The provisions of the TEACH Act do not extend to course reserves, coursepacks, document delivery, interlibrary loan materials or licensed textbooks, and generally do not extend to conversion of materials from analog to digital except under strictly authorized uses or under extraordinary circumstances.
Download a more detailed 2-page summary of the TEACH Act from the Copyright Clearance Center.