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NURS 4610: Translating Evidence for Nursing Practice (traditional course): Case-Control Studies

This guide is designed to assist you with library research and information literacy skills for finding, critically appraising and synthesizing scientific evidence.

What is a Case-Control Study?

Case-control studies are a type of quantitative research "designed to sample a group of people with and a group of people without the disease or the outcome measure being studied" (Schmidt & Brown, 2019, p. 209).  The cases are individuals with the disease or outcome measure, and the controls are individuals without the disease or outcome measure.  The purpose of a case-control study is to test whether there is an association between an exposure and a disease, condition or outcome measure (Schmidt & Brown, 2019, p. 209). 

Level of Evidence: IV

PRO TIPS: Case-Control Study Checklist

Each JBI Checklist provides tips and guidance on what to look for to answer each question.  These tips begin on page 4. 

Below are some additional Frequently Asked Questions about the Case-Control Studies Checklist that have been asked by students in previous semesters. 

Frequently Asked Question Response
In regards to Question 6, what exactly is a confounding factor? COMING SOON!
For Question 7, how can I tell whether strategies were used to deal with the confounding factors in the study? COMING SOON!