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NURS 4610: Translating Evidence for Nursing Practice (traditional course): Cohort Studies

This guide is designed to assist you with library research and information literacy skills for finding, critically appraising and synthesizing scientific evidence.

What is a Cohort Study?

A cohort study is a type of quantitative research.  Cohort studies are often described as "natural experiments" (Schmidt & Brown, 2019, p. 210).  They are like case-control studies in reverse.  In a cohort study, individuals are selected based on their exposure status.  Researchers then investigate whether something individuals are exposed to is associated with the risk of a disease or condition (Schmidt & Brown, 2019, p. 210).  

Level of Evidence: IV 

PRO TIPS: Cohort Study Checklist

Each JBI Checklist provides tips and guidance on what to look for to answer each question.  These tips begin on page 4. 

Below are some additional Frequently Asked Questions about the Cohort Studies Checklist that have been asked students in previous semesters. 

Frequently Asked Question Response
In regards to Question 4, what exactly is a confounding factor? COMING SOON!
For Question 5, how can I tell whether strategies were used to deal with the confounding factors in the study? COMING SOON!