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Human Trafficking: Government Information

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Data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics

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Bureau of Justice Statistics - Human Trafficking/Trafficking in Persons - topical portal

Enter the topical portal at   for human trafficking / trafficking in persons.


According to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and its 2003, 2005, and 2008 reauthorizations, human trafficking has occurred if a person was induced to perform labor or a commercial sex act through force, fraud, or coercion. Any person under age 18 who performs a commercial sex act is considered a victim of human trafficking, regardless of whether force, fraud, or coercion was present.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) funded the creation of the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS). This system provides data on human trafficking incidents investigated by federally funded task forces.
An incident is defined as any investigation into a claim of human trafficking or any investigation of other crimes in which elements of potential human trafficking were identified.

source:  Bureau of Justice Statistics, Human Trafficking/Trafficking in Persons  at

Search the Bureau of Justice Assistance website for additional resources

Visit the Bureau of Justice Assistance of the U.S. Department of Justice for resources on programs, funding, publications, training opportunities and more to help combat human trafficking using collaborative partnerships at all levels of government and community involvement.

Best primary sources of government information by department

U.S. government agencies and departments most likely to yield results for searches on human trafficking are the following (and their subagencies):

  • U.S. Department of Justice
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security
  • U.S. Department of State
  • U.S. Department of Labor
  • U.S. Department of Defense
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  • U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • U.S. Department of Education