Basics of MLA CitationsHow to cite BOOKS, eBOOKS, CHAPTERSHow to cite ENCYCLOPEDIASHow to cite JOURNALSHow to cite MAGAZINESHow to cite NEWSPAPERSHow to cite WEBSITES
Basics of APA CitationsHow to cite BOOKS, eBOOKS, CHAPTERSHow to cite ENCYCLOPEDIASHow to cite MAGAZINES/ JOURNALSHow to cite NEWSPAPERSHow to cite WEBSITES
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Citation Guide   Tags: apa, citations, citing, mla, reference, style guides  

Guide to the MLA and APA Citation Styles; Latest Update 2009.
Last Updated: Apr 10, 2014 URL: http://libguides.utoledo.edu/citationguide Print Guide RSS Updates

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If we can further assist you in your search for information, please drop by the reference desk or contact the reference staff via phone at Main Campus Carlson Library 419-530-2325.

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Is it Plagiarism?

Here are some sites discussing Plagiarism...
 

Why Cite Sources?

Giving credit to the original author of thoughts, words, and ideas is an important ethical concept.

  1. To avoid PLAGIARISM: While a bibliography does not prevent plagiarism, it is an important tool in avoiding plagiarism.
  2. BUILDING on research:  Pertinent information is gleaned from the ideas of those who came before, and a researcher then produces new knowledge by integrating the ideas of others with her own conclusions. This is the scholarly research process.
  3. TRACING research: According to Joseph Gibaldi, the author of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, “in presenting their work, researchers generously acknowledge their debts to predecessors by carefully documenting each source so that earlier contributions receive appropriate credit” (104). This is the basis for all scholarship. It is important that researchers give credit so readers can trace the ideas presented back to the sources.
  4. CONTRIBUTING ideas: Your contribution, as a student, to disciplinary knowledge is the unique ways you interpret and synthesize the words, thoughts, and ideas of authorities. In fact, giving credit to experts and authoritative sources gives your conclusions validity that cannot be achieved by simply stating one's own opinions.
  5. LOCATING additional research: And that is another reason for citations: it allows readers to access the cited materials if they are performing research on that topic.

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Elaine Reeves
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Carlson Library
Information Literacy Lecturer
Main Campus
Mail Stop 509
2801 West Bancroft St.
Toledo, Ohio 43606-3390
Phone: 419-530-2868
elaine.reeves@utoledo.edu
www.utoledo.edu
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