Authors submitting their manuscripts to journals for review and publishing retain their ownership of copyright unless otherwise agreed upon with the publishers. Copyright is a legal means to protect authors' intellectual property of scholarly and creative work. The terms of protections vary from one country to the next; therefore, researchers must familiarize themselves with those legal protections before using those in their publications. With the rise of Web-based publishing, researchers will also need to familiarize themselves with Creative Commons licenses, which include instructions for sharing, remixing, or building upon existing works without having to request permissions from the creators or those works. A Creative Commons license, however, does not replace copyright protections and works with restrictive license will still need permissions from the author. Fair use is a form of exemption for libraries to share a limited extent of copyrighted works and others to use in their research. Consult the following sites for more.